~Ideas about the consumption and conservation of natural resources. The impact of population growth, industrialization, pollution, and expansion.


1619: William Bradford was a sell-taught scholar. He regarded Plymouth as his "godly experiment in the wilderness". Many storms occurred around the Massachusetts Bay area.

1660: The tobacco industry flourished which "quickly exhausted the soil, creating a nearly insatiable demand for new land. Relentlessly seeking fresh fields to plant in tobacco, commercial growers plunged ever farther up the river valleys, provoking ever more Indian attacks"

1753: Benjamin Rumford, A British loyalist, was known for his theories of thermodynamics which was beneficial for public health.

1754: The Seven Years war was violent and involved firearms and other weapons "Scalping forays occurred within eighty miles of Philadelphia"

1762-69: Benjamin Franklin had an impact regarding sanitation and heath of individuals in Philadelphia where he was from. "Public rights" was a concern as well as dumping of waste and other unsanitary actions. During this time a committee led by him attempted to regulate waste disposal and water pollution

1763: Proclamation of 1763 forbidden people to move west of the Appalachians. Colonists did it anyways which led to expansion.

1773: William Bartram, an American naturalist, took a wildlife journey for 5 years from Florida to the Mississippi and wrote the book Travels which to this day is a classic

1783: Fishing rights off of the port of Newfoundland become a high priority in negotiations over independence from Britain.

1785: Note on the State of Virginia is published by Jefferson which argues against the European superstition that US has degenerate plants and animals.

1785: Land Ordinance which provided that the acreage of the Old Northwest should be sold and that the proceeds should be used to help pay off the national debt.

1787: The Northwest Ordinance which regarded territory and related to the governing of the Old Northwest (Land law)