Work, Exchange, and Technology


          Work, Exchange, Technology     Whetsel

  1. Interchangable parts- invented by Eli Whitney in 1798 , interchangeable parts, led to the ability to produce one singular part that could fit on many different process. It brought America one step closer to mass production and a large factory based economy. It also led to the invention of the assembly line.


  1. Cotton Gin- a cotton sorting machine invented by Eli Whitney in 1794 this led to a spark in African slave trade as the operating the cotton gin was dangerous and a job that most cotton farmers were not willing to do. This caused an increase in slave work in the south. The production of cotton was increased drastically which caused a huge agricultural growth in the South which once again led to an increase in slave population in the south.


  1. Assembly Line – the assembly line led to a huge increase in in mass production in the U.S.. it was invented by Thomas Ford in 1907 it was critical to the developing factory system that was becoming more and more prevalent in America. U.S. it revolutionized industry and led to a mechanization of production among workers in northern parts America.


  1. Bessemer Process- was invented by the scientist Bessemer to mass produce steel. This revolutionized the steel industry and allowed the massive mass of wealth to accumulate under the industrialist, Andrew Carnegie. This revolutionized the labor force under the system of vertical integration.
  2. McCormick Reaper- revolutionized the mass production of food due to increased efficiencies of reaping and this was invented in 1831 by McCormick. This invention allowed more people to turn away from the agriculture sector of society and seek jobs elsewhere in the cities or become involved in the arts contributing to the American Identity.
  3. Sherman Anti Trust Act- was passed in the year of 1890 that allowed for the Senate to break trusts as they needed to. President Roosevelt in a spur of progressiveness enabled these powers and passed the act to allow the FTC to exist. This resulted in the decline of monopolies of various industries and gave workers more power in the workplace.
  4. The thirteenth amendment- abolished slavery in 1865. This increased the workforce by a dramatic amount and eventually would lead to the practice of sharecropping in the south. These workers set up a feudal like system for the ability to live on that land.
  5. Rosie the Riveter- was a symbol of women in the workplace made in 1942. This encouraged women to join the workforce and provide labor for the wartime industries of America. These women contributed the rise in socio-economic equality during World War II. Although, women were expected to return to their traditional roles, some women did not and led to the rise of feminism.


  1. Railroads- The development ofwas one of the most important phenomena of the Industrial Revolution. With their formation, construction and operation, they brought profound social, economic and political change to a country only 50 years old. Because of railroads the west became more accessible and thrived. Railroads also led to migrations to the west because of Gold Rushes and the new more easy mechanization of agriculture.
  2. Wagner Act- of 1935 is the part of the New Deal policies that led to a labor relations board. It served to provide a way for workers to have power in the workplace to avoid the malpractice industrialism of the workplace. It gave rights to the workers to join the unions.