Culture and Society

Matt Walls & Kassidy Wandke

Kriefels

APUS History

Culture, Beliefs and Ideas

16 April 2015

1890-1945

Harlem Renaissance

End of WW1 and into the 1930’s

The Harlem Renaissance was a artistic and cultural expansion that took place in Harlem through the cultural center of drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars together and soon led to African American art being assimilated into mainstream culture.

The Harlem Renaissance expanded African American culture which was brought into main stream American culture which altered the ideas and culture in urban societies.

Women’s Suffrage (19th Amendment)

1920

Women gained the ability to vote after many years of protests and movements that brought success in 1920 when the 19thamendment altered cultures everywhere by giving women equal power to men.

Women gaining the right to vote altered culture and ideas by expanding their power within all aspects of life including in the workplace, home, politically and nationally which changed America’s opinions of all minorities.

Rise of the KKK

1920s

Even though the KKK was formed in the 1860s, the Klan disbanded during Reconstruction. In 1915, William Joseph Simmons revived the Klan after seeing Birth of a Nation, which portrayed the Klansmen as national heroes. This time, however, the Klan moved beyond targeting blacks, and also targeted Catholics, Jews, and foreigners. Estimates say that, by the mid-1920s, the Klan had about 3 million members.

 

 

The rise of the KKK shows the constant fight for white supremacy in American society and the struggle that African Americans, even 60 years after the Civil War, for equality.

First Red Scare

Following WW1, 1919-1920

The First Red Scare was a period immediately following World War 1 marked by a widespread fear of Communism and anarchism, inspired by recent events such as the Russian Revolution. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer ordered a series of raids to capture, arrest and deport foreign citizens who the government suspected to be Communists or anarchists.

The First Red Scare showed a big spread of paranoia and foreign suspicion in American society.

Detroit race riot

1943

 In June of 1943, a confrontation between groups of blacks and whites broke out. The riot started when a rumor that a mob of whites threw a black mother and her baby into the Detroit River started and lasted two days until Federal troops intervened.

The race riot in Detroit shows tensions between the races in American society that had lasted since colonial America.

1945-1980

Environmentalism

1960s-present

The environmentalist movement started when Rachel Carson wrote Silent Spring in 1962. People realized that the environment was being polluted and started trying to preserve resources and reduce pollution however possible.

Environmentalism shows a change in American beliefs. It shows a different view of the world from Americans concerned with preservation of the environment.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955-1956

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a social protest and a part of the civil rights movement. It started when Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give bus seat up to a white man. African Americans walked and carpooled to travel as a way to protest the segregated bus system. It ended in 1956 when the Supreme Court ruled the bus segregation system unconstitutional.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott led to many social changes in the United States. The Supreme Court ruled bus segregation unconstitutional and whites started to look at blacks equally.

March on Washington

1963

The March on Washington was a civil rights movement protest. Civil rights activists, including many whites, marched to Washington D.C to protests for equal economic and social rights. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his I Have a Dream speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial, exactly 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation.

The March on Washington was a protest for equal social treatment, and helped lead to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Americans saw whites and blacks integrated together protesting for a common purpose for the first time in American history.

Roe v. Wade

1973

The Supreme Court ruled that a women’s right to abortion is protected by the Constitution.

Roe v. Wade shows America changing to protect the women’s’ constitutional rights.

Baby Boom

1946-1964

The Baby Boom was a period between 1946 and 1964 when the United States saw increasingly large birth rates. In 1946, 3.4 million babies were born, 20% more than 1945 alone. More than 4 million babies were born every year between 1954 and 1964.

The Baby Boom led to many nuclear families throughout the United States. The Baby Boom also had a confining effect on women. Magazine articles urged women to leav4e the workforce and embrace their role wives and mothers.

Religious Right

1970s-80s

During the 1980s, conservative America was on the rise with Ronald Reagan as President. Catholics and Protestants joined together in a political alliance, called the Religious Right, condemning abortion, divorce, and premarital sex.

The Religious Right shows the role of religion in American politics.

Rise of minority-majority

1990s-present

Due to the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1964, many immigrants started to flow into the United States. Between 1970 and 2000, the population of the United States increased by 77 million. According to the Census Bureau, 28 million of that population was due to immigrants. The Census Bureau predicts that whites will no longer be a majority in the country by 2043.

The rise of the minority-majority shows the increasingly pluralistic society of the United States and multiculturalism.